What kind of evolution/development does the scriptural and patristic witness allow for? Theres ofcourse spiritual evolution derived from theosis. Scripture also speaks of a physical degeneration as when the sons of God married and procreated with the daughters of men.
God created anthropos in his own image and likeness. The entymology of the greek anthropos simply means upright creature, likewise the hebrew term Adam does not denote gender as seen in Genesis 5.2. Thus God took the original erect creature He created, who alone can look upwards toward the heavens to contemplate his God. God took him and performed some surgery taking from his side woman. Or as scripture says, God made man in his image and likeness; male and female created He them. The emphasis is that gender was created simultaneously. Is this evidence for evolution in scripture? How about modern anomalies where people are born with both genitals (who ironically tend to be asexual without sexual urge)? Are these dormant genes a throwback to some other epoch of mans exiatence?
Along the same thinking, someone could question the presence of "vestigial" organs in humans, the presense of a tailbone which is very similar to that of the animals with tails, the extremely close genetic code between homo sapiens and chimpanzees, etc.
Personally, I see no benefit in such lines of thought, and I have thought about these things for years. If God wanted to tell us that He created the world in an evolutionary process, and that it is beneficial to be aware of this evolutionary process, then He would have enlightened the saints to inform us. We have so many saints who spoke face-to-face with the Lord, with the Panagia, and with the rest of the saints. Don't you think they would've been informed if they were understanding creation incorrectly?
A good example is Elder Joseph the Hesychast: Once when he was in theoria, he saw the Theotokos holding the Christ in her arms as a Child, and she told him the answer to a mystery that he had been inquiring about for a long time. (Elder Joseph didn't reveal the particular mystery to his reader, but that's beside the point). Couldn't he also have been informed in the same manner about evolutionary creationism?
Edited by Christina M., 14 January 2011 - 02:38 PM.