I have a question. I was under the impression from reading Exodus 34 that Moses wrote down the Ten Commandments on the second set of tablets, particularly in light of what is written in 34:28
In the beginning of Exodus 34, we read:
And the Lord said to Moses, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke.
Later, towards the end of the chapter, in Exodus 34:27 we read:
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.”
The next verse is in the Septuagint is:
καὶ ἦν ἐκεῖ Μωυσῆς ἐναντίον κυρίου τεσσαράκοντα ἡμέρας καὶτεσσαράκοντα
νύκτας ἄρτον οὖκ ἔφαγεν καὶ ὕδωρ οὐκ ἔπιεν καὶ ἔγραψεν τὰῥήματα ταῦτα
ἐπὶ τῶν πλακῶν τῆς διαθήκης τοὺς δέκα λόγους
which is translated (usually):
And Moses was there before the Lord forty days, and forty nights; he did not eat bread, and he did not drink water; and he wrote upon the tables these words of the covenant, the ten sayings.
So the question is, who is he referring to?
I would especially love Patristic commentary with this (if anyone can provide sources or a suggestion of where to look). From St. Gregory of Nyssa, Life of Moses, he states:
Once more applying himself to the matter for forty days, he received the
tablets. The writing on them was done by divine power, but the material
was fashioned by the hand of Moses.
So it seems that God wrote them on the stone tablets. Anyone know what the consensus of the Fathers is with regards to this? Thanks!
Edited by Antonios, 24 March 2014 - 12:48 AM.