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Who wrote the second set of stone tablets?


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#1 Antonios

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Posted 24 March 2014 - 12:38 AM

Hi everyone,

 

I have a question.  I was under the impression from reading Exodus 34 that Moses wrote down the Ten Commandments on the second set of tablets, particularly in light of what is written in 34:28

 

In the beginning of Exodus 34, we read:

 

And the Lord said to Moses, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke.

 

Later, towards the end of the chapter, in Exodus 34:27 we read:

 

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.”

 

The next verse is in the Septuagint is:

   

                                             
καὶ ἦν ἐκεῖ Μωυσῆς ἐναντίον κυρίου τεσσαράκοντα ἡμέρας καὶτεσσαράκοντα
νύκτας ἄρτον οὖκ ἔφαγεν καὶ ὕδωρ οὐκ ἔπιεν καὶ ἔγραψεν τὰῥήματα ταῦτα
ἐπὶ τῶν πλακῶν τῆς διαθήκης τοὺς δέκα λόγους

       

  which is translated (usually):

 

And Moses was there before the Lord forty days, and forty nights; he did not eat bread, and he did not drink water; and he wrote upon the tables these words of the covenant, the ten sayings.


    So the question is, who is he referring to?

 

I would especially love Patristic commentary with this (if anyone can provide sources or a suggestion of where to look).  From St. Gregory of Nyssa, Life of Moses, he states:

 

Once more applying himself to the matter for forty days, he received the
tablets. The writing on them was done by divine power, but the material
was fashioned by the hand of Moses.

 

So it seems that God wrote them on the stone tablets.  Anyone know what the consensus of the Fathers is with regards to this?  Thanks!


Edited by Antonios, 24 March 2014 - 12:48 AM.


#2 Ben Johnson

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Posted 24 March 2014 - 05:31 AM

Perhaps the LORD spoke the words while Moses wrote them dosn? :unsure:



#3 Antonios

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Posted 24 March 2014 - 05:35 PM

Perhaps the LORD spoke the words while Moses wrote them dosn? :unsure:

 

I thought that might be the case.  However, the scant Patristic reference I can find, notably St. Gregory of Nyssa and St. Augustine both state it was the divine finger of God, both times.

 

I know Origen wrote a commentary on Exodus, but I don't have access to it.

 

Also, please note, in  Deuteronomy 5:1-21, it states that God wrote on the tablets.  Every modern Orthodox source I can find states that God wrote with the decalogue on the tablets.  I just wonder if it was God in the same manner as the first set of tablets when He hewn the stone and the words, or if in the second set, it was God through Moses (who both hewn the stone and wrote the words).

 

I know it is not important, and given the words of St. Gregory, I will side with his interpretation over mine, I was just wondering if anyone knew any other Church Fathers who made mention of this second set of tablets and who wrote them down. 


Edited by Antonios, 24 March 2014 - 05:38 PM.


#4 Ben Johnson

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Posted 24 March 2014 - 10:00 PM

A book which may help, if you can find it in a library or get it through inter-library loan is:  Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
(Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture).



#5 Antonios

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Posted 25 March 2014 - 12:26 PM

Thank you!

Edited by Antonios, 25 March 2014 - 12:27 PM.





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