In 2009, leaders in the Holy Land's Christian community, including an Orthodox archbishop, made the "Kairos" Declaration about the Christian churches there. Then in 2012, an ecumenical group of American pastors replied by writing "Kairos USA". It agreed with the Orthodox theology, except that it added a section claiming:
[R]eplacement theology… claims that the Church has taken the place of Israel in God’s purposes, and that the Jews have been condemned to suffering as punishment for rejecting the Gospel. Replacement theology denigrates the Jewish people and Judaism itself... We repudiate the anti-Semitic legacy of the church’s past.
I am not so concerned with understanding the first part: our theology implies that the Church takes the place of Israel in the purpose of being a light to the gentiles (although the Church doesn't take its place in all purposes). My difficulty is with the underlined parts.
What would be an Orthodox answer to these questions?
1) Doesn't the New Testament say that those who reject it would have hardships for doing so?
2) Does that denigrate the Jewish nation or Judaism?
3) Does the church's past have anti-semitism?
Or were anti-semitic things in, say, medieval Russia, part of the governmental or cultural spheres instead of the church?
Edited by H. Smith, 30 October 2014 - 04:32 PM.