Christians in the 1st c. were an illegal movement under Roman rule. In the New Testament, we read about Christians singing and composing "psalms" and singing in the Temple and synagogues.
The "Odes of Solomon" are Christian hymns with many references and allusions to Christ and Christian teachings. However, there is no explicit reference to Jesus of Nazareth. And there are no references to Solomon either explicitly. So one theory is that the "Odes of Solomon" are actually referring to "Solomon" in their title as an allusion to Jesus, the "Son of David", since open references to Jesus of Nazareth in hymns would have commonly been repressed in the synagogues.
The 6th c. AD Synopsis Sacrae Scripture says that the Odes of Solomon were not part of the canonical Bible, but that they were read to catechumens. Archaeologists have come across only fragments of the Odes of Solomon so far in Syriac and Coptic, and so our texts of them in English are incomplete.
However.... the Laura monastery on Mt Athos has a copy of "Odes" that one scholar claims is not found available:
There is a possibility that the Odes were preserved also in the twelfth century minuscule manuscript 1505 that is housed at Laura Monastery on Mt. Athos in Greece. The full details of the contents of that manuscript are not currently available, however, but the known list of books in this New Testament collection of books includes Psalms and Odes. The list of NT writings does not include the Book of Revelation. It is informativ e that the Psalms and Odes are in a New Tes- tament collection...
The full collection includes: Matthew, Mark, L uke, John, Acts, James, 1 & 2 Peter, 1, 2, & 3 John, Jude, Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatian s, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebr ews, Psalms, and Odes. It is not presently clear which psalms or odes are attach ed to this New Testament manuscript.
"The odes and psalms in Manuscript Gregory 1505 are not the same as the Odes of Solomon."
(Charlesworth, Sacra Scriptura: How "Non-Canonical" Texts Functioned, p. 110)
But Charlesworth doesn't elaborate.
Edited by H. Smith, 15 February 2017 - 01:59 AM.