I want to quote the commentary of the Koumbelidiki image provided by George Gabriel in his book I mentioned earlier:
"The Incarnate Word is depicted as both the Ancient of Days and as the mature Christ. This mid-13th century fresco is in the transverse vault of the esonarthex of Panagia Koumbelidiki Church in Kastoria northern Greece.Formerly illegible, the inscribed title was assumed to consist of the names of the three persons of the Trinity. The cleaning and restoration of that cities byzantine antiquities in 1998 , however, revealed the original inscription: Jesus Christ, Ancient of Days". The title was verified and catalogued by Greece's Ministry of Antiquities" (pg 172)
The oldest perhaps 'ground zero' image which the koumbelidiki image and all subsequent paternity icons is based on, is found in an 11-12th century illuminated manuscript in the Dionysiou Library. The thumbnail scan is the one in the bottom: The importance in the image below is that it depicts No dove. This is the oldest version of Paternity icon we have and both figures are of Christ. see below
It seems this theme of the different ages of Christ was prominent in Kastoria. The following fresco from Kastoria St Stephen shows three seperate images of Christ holding a scroll. The top is a young beardless incarnate Christ, the middle is Chriist as the Ancient of Days and the bottom damaged image is Christ as Pantocrator:
Pantokrator from the north aisle, St. Stephanos, Kastoria, April 2006 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!
Edited by Kosta, 14 April 2015 - 08:15 PM.