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Liturgy of St. James - "Horn of salvation"


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#1 David Bates

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Posted 22 January 2012 - 02:55 PM

In the Liturgy of St. James I read the following prayer at the end of the petitions: "Visit your world with mercy and compassion. Exalt the horn of Christians by the power of the precious and life-giving cross."

What actually *is* the "horn of Christians"?

A horn is a symbol of strength, so I'm assuming that it's basically saying "Strengthen us Christians by the power of your cross". Thoughts?

#2 Rdr Andreas

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Posted 22 January 2012 - 06:03 PM

There is some interesting background here:
http://bible.cc/psalms/92-10.htm

#3 Michael 'Anthony' Cornett

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Posted 23 January 2012 - 05:08 PM

Here are a couple more references:

Luke 1:69
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke 1:69&version=NKJV

Psalm 18:2
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=psalm 18:2&version=NKJV

I don't have my Psalter or Gospel commentary at my side, but will look up these passages when I return home tonight.

I suppose the quick answer is 'Christ'. With that said, Horn is probably best capitalized in this instance/prayer.

#4 Georgianna

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Posted 23 January 2012 - 05:28 PM

Here are a couple more references:

Luke 1:69
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=luke 1:69&version=NKJV

Psalm 18:2
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=psalm 18:2&version=NKJV

I don't have my Psalter or Gospel commentary at my side, but will look up these passages when I return home tonight.

I suppose the quick answer is 'Christ'. With that said, Horn is probably best capitalized in this instance/prayer.


Here is an excerpt from The Explanation by Blessed Theophlact of the Holy Gospel According to St. Luke (p 25):

"He hath raised up an horn of salvation," that is, His saving power and kingship. The horned beast is strong on account of its horn and thus the horn is an emblem of power. It is also an emblem of kingship because kings are anointed with oil poured out from a horn. Christ, therefore, is both the power and the kingship of the Father, and it is Christ Who was raised up for us as our horn of salvation.



#5 Michael 'Anthony' Cornett

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Posted 24 January 2012 - 06:21 AM

Also found in commentary on Hannah from St John Chrysostom...

What is the meaning of "my horn"? Scripture frequently employs this phrase, remember, as when it says, "His horn was exalted" and "The horn of his anointed was exalted." So what on earth does "horn" mean? Force, glory, prominence, using a metaphor from the brute beasts: God implanted in them only the horn by way of glory and weaponry, and if they lose it, they lose most of their force; and like a soldier without weapons a bull without horns is also easily disposed of. So by this the woman means nothing other than this, my glory is exalted. How is it exalted? "In my God," she says. Hence the exaltation is also secure, having a firm and permanent root: while glory from human beings corresponds to the baseness of those glorifying, and so is very liable to disappear, God's glory is not like that, remaining forever permanent.



#6 David Bates

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Posted 30 January 2012 - 06:12 PM

Wonderful! Thanks for your help :)




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